The role of Applied Sciences & Humanities is to give platform to the First Year Students to understand and revise the concepts of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and allied sciences, which paves the way in knowing the concepts of fundamentals of Engineering in various specializations. The Department has qualified, competent and painstaking teaching faculty. The unique feature of the department is to give personalized and customized treatment to individual student. The Department has played its role successfully, which is depicted by the academic performance of students in their 1st Year results.


To be a leading institution in technical education providing  education & training enabling human resource to serve nation & world at par with global standards in education.


  1. Developing state-of-the art Infrastructure which also includes establishment of Centers of Excellence in pursuit of Academic & Technical Excellence.
  2. Valuing workforce, inculcating belongingness & Professional Integrity.
  3. To develop human resource to solve local, regional & global problems to make Technology relevant to those who need it most.

Program Outcomes

POsEngineering Graduates will be able to
PO1Engineering KnowledgeApply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.
PO2Problem AnalysisIdentify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering sciences.
PO3Design/development of solutionsDesign solutions for complex engineering problems and design system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
PO4Conduct investigations of complex problemsUse research-based knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the information to provide valid conclusions.
PO5Modern tool usageCreate, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern engineering and IT tools including prediction and modeling to complex engineering activities with an understanding of the limitations.
PO6The engineer and societyApply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the professional engineering practice.
PO7Environment and sustainabilityUnderstand the impact of the professional engineering solutions in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
PO8EthicsApply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of the engineering practice.
PO9Individual and team workFunction effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader in diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings.
PO10CommunicationCommunicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the engineering community and with society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.
PO11Project management and financeDemonstrate knowledge and understanding of the engineering and management principles and apply these to one’s own work, as a member and leader in a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.
PO12Life-long learningRecognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage in independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change.

Academic Calendar : B.Tech. I Year, Even Semester 2018-19

1Workshop to prepare handwritten Notes by Teaching Faculty03.01.2019 to 05.01.2019Thursday to SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Teaching Faculty
2Commencement of B.Tech. I Year Classes07.01.2019MondayDistribution of  University Syllabus, Lesson Plan with  Course Outcomes & Evaluation Scheme
3Practice Test (PT) - 119.01.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
4Assignment-121.01.2019 to 24.01.2019Monday to ThursdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
5Practice Test (PT) - 202.02.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
6Assignment-204.02.2019 to 07.02.2019Monday to ThursdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
7Practice Test (PT) - 316.02.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
8Practice Test (PT) - 423.02.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
9National Science Day (NSD-2019)28.02.2019ThursdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
10Practice Test (PT) - 502.03.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
11Sessional (S) -112.03.2019 to 15.03.2019Tuesday to FridayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
12Parents/Guardian Meeting with Class Mentors After Lunch Time                    (2:00 pm onwards)30.03.2019SaturdayInteraction of Parents with Teaching Faculty Members
13Practice Test (PT) - 606.04.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
14Practice Test (PT) - 713.04.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
15Practice Test (PT) - 820.04.2019SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year Students
16Sessional (S) -227.04.2019 , 01.05.2019, 04.05.2019 & 08.05.2019Saturday Wednesday Saturday Wednesday100% syllabus & each paper of 3 hours duration in line with  Dr. APJAKTU Theory Examination papers
17Model Question Paper (MQP)29.04.2019, 02.05.2019 & 06.05.2019Monday Thursday Monday100% syllabus & each paper of 4 hours duration in line with  Dr. APJAKTU Theory Examination papers
18End Semester Examination13.05.2019*MondayAs Per University Schedule*

Academic Calendar for B.Tech. I Year, Odd Semester 2018-19

1Workshop to prepare handwritten Notes by Teaching Faculty23-07-2018 to 26-07-2018Monday to ThursdayFor B.Tech. I Year Teaching Faculty
2Orientation Session for B.Tech. 1st Year Students with their Parents30-07-2018MondayFor B.Tech. I Year          Students / Parents, Guardians
3First day of Students Seating  in their Classes31.07.2018TuesdayFor B.Tech. I Year  Students
4Commencement of B.Tech. I Year Classes01-08-2018 onwardsWednesday onwardsFor B.Tech. I Year  Students
5Induction Program for B.Tech. First Year Students*--For B.Tech. I Year          Students
6Foundation Day/ Fresher’s Day/ Teachers’ Day05-09-2018WednesdayFor B.Tech. I Year          Students
7Class Test (CT)-112-09-2018 to 14-09-2018Wednesday to FridayFor B.Tech. I Year          Students
8Sessional (S)-117-09-2018 to 24-09-2018Monday to Monday50% of syllabus & each paper of 3 hours duration in line with Dr. APJAKTU Theory Examination papers
9Class Mentors meeting with Mentees (I -Meeting)28.09.2018FridayInteraction of Teaching Faculty with Students
10Parents/Guardian Meeting with Class Mentors29-09-2018SaturdayInteraction of Parents with Teaching Faculty Members
11Class Test (CT)-210-10-2018 to 12-10-2018Wednesday to FridayFor B.Tech. I Year          Students
12FDP 1st (In House) (Role of Teaching & Learning of Basic Sciences in Engg. Education)20.10.2018SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year  Teaching Faculty
13Class Mentors meeting with Mentees (II -Meeting)26.10.2018FridayInteraction of Teaching Faculty with Students
14Class Test (CT)-331-10-2018 to 02-11-2018Wednesday to FridayFor B.Tech. I Year          Students
15Class Mentors meeting with Mentees (III -Meeting)16.11.2018FridayInteraction of Teaching Faculty with Students
16FDP 2nd (In House)(Role of Tutorial/Practical Classes in Enhancing Understanding & Learning of Outcomes Based Education)17.11.2018SaturdayFor B.Tech. I Year  Teaching Faculty
17Sessional (S)-219-11-2018 onwardsMonday onwards100% syllabus & each paper of 3 hours duration in line with  Dr. APJAKTU Theory Examination papers
18End Semester ExaminationDecember 2018As per University schedule
* Note: 1.The Induction Program for B.Tech. First Year Students will be conducted as per the schedule given by University.
  1. In case of change in any dates it will be informed accordingly. 
Physics Lab
Physics laboratory at ABES Institute of Technology, Ghaziabad is equipped with all necessary instruments required for B.Tech. 1st Year curriculum provided by AKTU. Physics lab develops the ability to do experiments and analyse data acquired through practice and experience.  Physics lab facilitate students with various experiments based on electricity and magnetism such as to study the variation of magnetic field, determine the specific resistance of given material wire. Also, Student understands the concepts of experiments based on optics and semiconductor by using Newton Rings, Diffraction Grating, Energy Band Gap & Hall Effect setup.

Chemistry Lab
B.Tech. students perform various Organic, Inorganic and physical chemistry experiments in the chemistry laboratory. Experiments are designed to analyze alkalinity, chloride content and permanent hardness of water. Students determine the viscosity and surface tension of given liquid. They learn the preparation of Phenol-formaldehyde and Urea-formaldehyde resin; Students are also trained to use instruments like pH meter, colorimeter, and viscometers to determine viscosity of oils.

Language Lab
The language laboratory is a lab equipped with audio-visual installation used as an aid in modern language teaching. The four language skills i.e., listening, speaking, reading and writing are developed and improved with the help of software available in the language lab. It is used to give customized learning set ups to the learners as per their academic needs, objectives and outcomes.   It provides the language learners with learning opportunities to explore, practice and play with language and thus helps them in achieving a holistic level of understanding.

Expert Talks

S. No.TopicSpeakerDate
1.Current Need of Energy and its possible Solutions.Dr. O.P.Pandey (Senior Professor & Dean RSP) School of  Physics & Materials Science, TIET, Patiala (Punjab)23/02/2018
2.Role of Human Values in EngineeringDr. Poonam Paliwal, Associate Professor, Department of Botany, IP College, Bulandshahar23/02/2018
3.Raman Effects & Role of  Optics in EngineeringDr. Kehar Singh (Emeritus Fellow, IITD)28/02/2017 On the occasion of National Science Day


S.No.DatesStudent DetailsRemarks
  AKTU State Level Sports Fest 2018 
1.18/11/2018-20/11/2018Kanish Tyagi(2018CS097)1st Position in Shot-put (Gold Medal)
2Kanish Tyagi(2018CS097)1st Position in Discus Throw (Gold Medal)
  AKTU Zonal Sports Fest 2018 
3.31/10/ 2018- 2/11/2018Abhinav Singh (2018CS186)3rd  Position in 200 meter Race
4Kanish Tyagi (2018CS097)1st Position in Shot-put.
5Kanish Tyagi (2018CS097)1st Position in Discus Throw.
6Antra Malik (2018CS094)3rd  Position in 200 meter Race.
7Tanisha Agarwal (2018EC008)2nd Position in Discus Throw.

Technical Clubs & Societies

Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE)

Indian Society for Technical Education (ISTE) formulate the general goals and responsibilities of technical education, develop effective teachers and educational administrators, enhance professional ideals and standards, foster research as a function complementary in teaching and to bring about effective linkage between technical institutions, industry and society. All teaching faculty members of Applied Sciences & Humanities are members of ISTE society.

Value Education Cell

The need for value based education has been highlighted by various commissions and expert committees on education (Dr. Radhakrishnan, Dr. Kothari, UNESCO Declaration on Service to Society and so on). All teaching faculty members of the Department have been certified by Value Education Cell of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow.
  1. Jha K, Vishwakarma Amit K., Jayasimhadri M., Haranath D. Jang K, “Tb3+ And Eu3+ Doped Zinc Phosphate Glasses for Solid State Lighting Applications" AIP conference Proceedings., vol. 1942, pp. 070036–38, 2018.
  2. Sharma G., Arya K., Singh K., “Optical and thermal properties of glasses and glass ceramics derived from agricultural wastes”, Ceramics International, Vol. 44, Issue 1, pp. 947-952, January, 2018.
  3. Kaur S, Vishwakarma Amit K.,, Deopa N, Prasad A, Jayasimhadri M,.Rao A.S. “Spectroscopic Studies of Dy3+ Doped Borate Glasses for Cool White Light Generation” Res. Bulletin., vol. 104, pp. 77–82, 2018.
  4. Jha K, Vishwakarma Amit K., Jayasimhadri M., Haranath D “Multicolor and White Light Emitting Tb3+/Sm3+ Doped Zinc Phosphate Barium Titanate Glasses Via Energy Transfer for Optoelectronic Device Applications” Alloys Compd., vol. 719, pp. 116–124, 2017.
  5. Ratnam B.V., Sahu Mukesh K, Vishwakarma Amit K, Jha K, Hyun-Joo Woo, Jang K, Jayasimhadri“Optimization of Synthesis Technique and Luminescent Properties in Eu3+ Activated NaCaPO4 Phosphor for Solid State Lighting Applications” J. Lumin., vol. 185, pp. 99–105, 2017.
  6. Chaudhary S., Srivastava V. , Srinivas Kumar , “Finite Element Scheme with Crank–Nicolson Method for Parabolic Nonlocal Problems Involving the Dirichlet Energy”,  INT J COMP METH-SING., vol. 14, issue 05, 1750053, Sep. 2017.
  7. Chaudhary S. , Srivastava V. , Srinivas Kumar  , Srinivsan B. , “Finite element approximation of nonlocal parabolic problem”, Numer Methods Partial Differ Equ. , vol.33, issue (3), pp.786–813 , Sep. 2017.
  8. Srivastava V. , Chaudhary S. , Srinivas Kumar , Srinivsan B. , “Fully discrete finite element scheme for nonlocal parabolic problem involving the Dirichlet energy”, Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computing ,,vol. 53, issue 1-2, pp 413–443. Feb 2017.
  9. Vishwakarma Amit. K., Jayasimhadri M., “Significant Enhancement in Photoluminescent Properties Via Flux Assisted Eu3+ Doped BaNb2O6 Phosphor for White LEDs" Alloys Compd., vol. 683, pp. 379–386, 2016.
  10. Arya S.K., Danewalia S.S., Arora M., Singh K.,“Effect of variable oxidation states of vanadium on structural, optical and dielectric properties of B2O3-Li2O-ZnO-V2O5 glasses”, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 120, Issue 47, pp. 12168-12176, November,2016.
  11. Arya S.K., Danewalia S.S., Singh K., “Frequency independent low-k lithium borate nanocrystalline glass ceramic and glasses for microelectronic applications” Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 120, Issue 15, pp.3328-3336,April,2016.
  12. Arya S.K., Kaur G., Singh K.,“Effect of vanadium on the optical and physical properties of lithium borate glasses”, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 432, Issue 1, pp. 393-398, January,2016.
  13. Vishwakarma Amit. K. and Jayasimhadri M. “Pure orange color emitting Sm3+ doped BaNb2O6 phosphor for solid - state lighting applications,” Lumin., vol. 176, pp. 112–117, 2016.
  14. Mishra L, Sharma A, Vishwakarma Amit. K., Jha K, Jayasimhadri M, Ratnam B. V., K. Jang, Rao A.S., and Sinha R.K., “White light emission and color tunability of dysprosium doped barium silicate glasses,” Lumin., vol. 169, pp. 121–127, 2016.
  15. Rajput V. S., Kumar Y, Vats A.K., Kaur R., “An EOQ Model with Polynomial of Nth Degree Demand Rate, Constant Deterioration, Linear Holding Cost and Without Shortages under Inflation”, IOSR Journal of Mathematics, 12, Issue 4, pp. 87-92, August 2016.
  16. Rajput V. S., Kumar Y, Vats A.K., Kaur R.,,Linear and Quadratic Simultaneous Demand Rate Model with Production Exponentially Increasing and Inflation”, IOSR Journal of Mathematics, 12, Issue 4, pp.04-09, July 2016.
  17. Vishwakarma Amit. K., Jha K, Jayasimhadri M, Sivaiah B., Gahtori B., and Haranath D. “Emerging cool white light emission from Dy3+ doped single phase alkaline earth niobate phosphors for indoor lighting applications,” Trans., vol. 44, no. 39, pp. 17166–17174, 2015.
  18. Arya S.K., Singh K.,“ Thermal and kinetic parameters of 30Li2O–55B2O3–5ZnO–xTiO2–(10− x) V2O5 (0≤ x≤ 10) glasses”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 122, Issue 1, pp. 189-195,October,2015.
  19. Kaur G., Pickrell G., Kumar V., Pandey O.P., Singh K., Arya S.K.,.“Mechanical, dielectric and optical assessment of glass composites prepared using milling technique”, Bulletin of Materials Science, 38, Issue 4, pp. 1003-1008,August, 2015.
  20. Arya S.K., Kaur B., Kaur G., Singh K.,“ Optical and thermal properties of (70− x) SiO2–xNa2O–15CaO–10Al2O3–5TiO2 (10≤ x≤ 25) glasses”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 120, Issue 2, pp. 1163-1171,May,2015.
  21. Vishwakarma Amit. K., Jha K., Jayasimhadri M., Rao A. S., Jang K, Sivaiah B, and Haranath D., “Red light emitting BaNb2O6: Eu3+ phosphor for solid state lighting applications,” Alloys Compd., vol. 622, pp. 97–101, 2015.
  22. Chakrabarti S.,” A Conceptual Framework on Employer Branding with Special Focus on Education Sector.”, Innovation & Creativity Management: Design For Future, ISBN 978-93-85000-26-3, pp.174-181,2015.
  23. Chaudhary S. , Srivastava V. , Srinivas Kumar  , Srinivsan B. , “WEB-Spline based Mesh-free Finite Element Approximation for p-Laplacian”, Int J Comput Math., vol.93 , issue 6, pp.1022-1043, Jan.2015.
  24. Vats A.K., Rajput V.S., Kaur R., “Inventory Model with Demand Rate is 3-Variables Weibull Function Constant Deterioration, Constant Holding Cost and Inflation without Shortages”, IOSR Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 12, Issue 5, pp. 46-52, September 2015.
  25. Ravish Kumar Yadav, Vats A.K., Kaur R., “An inventory model for variable demand, constant holding cost and without shortages”, IOSR Journal of Mathematics, 11, Issue 1, pp. 49-55, January 2015.
  26. Taneja N., Gupta K., “Environmental Ethics and Education-A Necessity to Inculcate Environment Oriented Cognizance”, Int Advanced Research J in Sci, Engineering Tech (IARJSET) 2, April, 2015
  27. Praveen S., Arora M., Arya S.K., Tawale J.S.,“ Effect of controlled doping on electrical properties and permittivity of PTSA doped polyanilines and their EMI shielding performance”, IJPAP, 52, Issue 3, pp. 175-182,March,2014.
  28. Chakrabarty A. and Sharma A., “Multiculturalism in Baumgartner’s Bombay” Helicon Views International Journal, 19, No.1,  pp. 62-70, , 2014.
  29. Chakrabarty A. and Sharma A., “Multiculturalism in Mistaken Identity” Pragati’s English Journal,14, No.1, pp. 93-97, , June-2014.
  30. Chakrabarti S.,” Employer Branding in Education Sector: A Literature Review on the Phenomenon across the Globe between 1990-2012”, DYPIMS’s Int. J..of Mgmt & Res., ISSN : 2277-8586, vol. 2,no. 1, pp. 55-61, 2013.
  31. Praveen S., Arora M., Arya S.K., Tawale J.S.,“ Magnetic resonance and electrical properties of p-toluene sulphonic acid doped polyaniline”, AIP Conference Proceeding, 1536, Issue 1, pp. 1235-1236,June,2013.
  32. Chakrabarty A. and Sharma A., “Multiculturalism in Anand’s Untouchable” Pragati’s English Journal, Vol.13, No.2, 48-51, Dec-2013.
  33. Sharma V. K. , Gupta S. P. , “Analysis of Two Unit Standby System When each Unit Composed of  Two Components in Series”, International Transactions in Applied Sciences, Vol.- 4, N 2, pp. 337-350, 2012.
  34. Sharma V. K. , Gupta S. P. , “Cost Benefit Analysis of Three Unit Redundant System Model with Correlated Failures and Repairs”,  Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences & Technology, Vol.-2, N 1, pp. 1-10, 2012.
  35. Kumar K., Kumar V., “Resistor less voltage mode first order all pass filter employing rounded capacitor VSRD International Journal Of Elect-Rical, Electronics & Communication Engineering (India), Vol. 2(1), pp. 22-26, 2012.
  36. Arya S.K., Vats T., Sharma S.N.,Singh K., Narula A.K.,“ Effect of mercaptopropionic acid as linker on structural, thermal, and optical properties of TiO2–CdSe nanocomposites”, Journal of thermal analysis and calorimetry, 107, Issue 2, pp. 555-560,June,2011.
  37. Sharma V. K. , Gupta S. P. , “Cost Analysis of a Two-Unit Cold Standby Redundant System Involving Common Cause Failures and Preventive Maintenance ”, Acta Ciencia Indica, Vol.- 37M, N 1, pp. 217-227, 2011.
  38. Singh I., Kaur H., Kumar S., Singh N. , Sharma M., Vishwakarma P., Saxena K. K., Arun K., Kumar A. “ Synthesis and antibacterial activity of new substituted azetidinonyl indolyltriazole derivatives”, Indian drugs, Vol.- 47(6), pp. 12-24 , June 2010.
  39. Kumar K., Tyagi J. and Kumar V., “First order all pass filter using CCC-II” 11th International conference of international academy of physical sciences pp 124, 20-22 Feb 2010.
  40. Kumar V., Pal K., “Single element controlled sinusoidal oscillators using current conveyors” Journal of Active and Passive Electronic Devices (USA) vol. 8, pp. 197-202, 2009.
  41. Kumar V., Pal K., “Single element controlled sinusoidal oscillators using current conveyors” Journal of Active and Passive Electronic Devices (USA) vol. 8, pp. 197-202, 2009.
  42. Gupta S. P., Sharma V. K, “Cost Benefit Analysis of Two Identical Unit Parallel System Model with a Repair Machine and Correlated Failure and Repair Times”, Acta Ciencia Indica, Vol.-35M, N 2, pp. 651-657, 2009.
  43. Rajput R., Prasad G. and Chopra A.K., “Scenario of Solid Waste Management in present Indian context”. Caspian J.Env. Sci. Vol. 7(1): 45-53, 2009.
  44. Srivastava P., Rajput R., Ruhela M., Sisodia P. and Kumar D.“Natural Disaster: Earthquake”. Conservation J. Vol. 9(3):103-108, 2008.
  45. Srivastava P., Rajput R., Ruhela M., Varshney M. and Kumar D., “Wastes Encountered by Green Chemistry”. Conservation J. Vol. 9(1-2): 105-108, 2008.
  46. Singh N. , Bhati S. K. , Kumar A. , “ Thiazolyl/oxazolyl formazalnyl indoles as potent anti-inflammatory agents ”, European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol.- 43, pp. 2597-2609 , 2008.
  47. Kumar V., Keskin A.U., Pal K., “DVCC-based single element-controlled oscillators using all-grounded components and simultaneous current-voltage mode outputs” Frequenz (Germany), Vol.61, (3), pp. 141-144, 2007.
  48. Arya S.K., Arora M.,Gupta S.K.,“ Pauli master-equation: Charge transportation in conducting polymer”, Physics of Semiconductor Devices IEEE, 10, Issue 3, pp. 613-616, December,2007.
  49. Prasad G., Rajput R. and Chopra A.K., “Alternative Economic Technology for treatment of distillery effluent to prevent surface and ground water pollution”. Applied Sci. and Environmental Management. Vol. 11(3): 35-39, 2007.
  50. Singh, Singh K.,Saxena A., “ Hypoglycaemic activity of different extracts of various herbal plant”,  International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy (IJRAP) No.1 pp.212-224, 2006
  51. Kumar V., Pal K. and Gupta G. K., “A novel single resistance controlled sinusoidal oscillator using FTFN and OTA” Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics, vol. 44, pp. 625-627,2006
  52. Rajput R., Prasad G. and Chopra A.K., “Development and optimization of Sand Intermittent Filtration for treatment of Sugar mill effluent”. Journal IAEM, Vol. 33(3): 174-178,
  53. Rajput R., Prasad G. and Chopra A.K., “Sand Intermittent Filtration Technology for safer Domestic Sewage Treatment”. Applied Sci. and Environmental Management. Vol. 10(1): 73-77, 2006.
  54. Kumar A., Saxena A., Tiwari B., Agarwal M., Pal N.,Gurtu, J.N., Gupta R., “ Synthesis and characterization of Ni(II) complexes of anisaldehyde derived semicarbazone and thiosemicarbazone”Bulletin of Pure & Applied Sciences-Chemistry, July 1, 2006
  55. Chopra A.K.,Ravikant and Rajeev R. ,“Biochemical changes in blood of patients infected with different parasitic infection”. Rivista di Parassitologia. Vol. XX (LVIV) – N, 2: 119-122, 2003.
  56. Bhonrey R., Chopra A.K. and Rajput R., “Effect of Stone Crushers dust on chlorophyll content of some economically important trees”. Flora and Fauna. Vol. 8 (2): 79-80, 2002.
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